An unpublished study, “Geography of Delinquency at the Municipal Level”, shows that most offenders are committed in only … 1% of the municipalities.
The latest survey by Inter Stats, the Ministerial Statistical Service for Internal Security (SSMSI) dependent on the Ministry of the Interior, sheds new light on the reality of delinquency in France regarding 10 categories of crimes and offences.
Entitled “Geography of crime at the municipal level”, this comprehensive study, published on March 1, concludes that “crime is not distributed in a uniform way in the metropolitan territory, according to the recordings carried out by the police and gendarmerie services. for ten major categories of crimes and misdemeanors” and that “in 2021, for each of these categories, most offenders will be committed in only 1% of metropolitan municipalities.”
And to specify that “the proportion of acts committed there ranges between 50% for domestic burglary or intentional assault and battery on persons aged 15 years or older, committed in a family setting and 85% for violent theft without weapons. Conversely, 15% of municipalities do not register any of these crime categories. †
The study presents an analysis of the crime at the municipal level for “10 indicators corresponding to the main categories of crimes and misdemeanors registered by the national police and gendarmerie and commonly monitored by the SSMSI at the national and departmental levels: assault and voluntary violence against people aged 15 years or older, distinguishing between violence within the family of others, sexual violence, theft with weapons, violent theft without a weapon, theft without violence against people, domestic burglary, vehicle theft, theft from vehicles and theft of vehicle accessories. »
Unsurprisingly, it is the major cities and tourist towns, especially coastal towns, that are most affected by crime. Of the 50 most populous municipalities in metropolitan France, 46 are among the 100 municipalities most affected by 9 or 10 forms of delinquency.
In Occitania, Perpignan and Montpellier are also in the Top 10 of cities where most intentional assaults and injuries occur (outside the family), with an upward trend. Toulouse, Montpellier and Perpignan are among the Top 10 cities with the most burglaries, albeit with a declining trend.
A factor of 2 to 75
“The number of offenders per 1,000 inhabitants in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants is a factor of 2 higher than in those with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants (for domestic burglary, violent assault and intentional assault and violence against persons aged 15 years) or more than committed in a family context. ) to 75 (for violent theft without a weapon), thus delinquency is concentrated in the same municipalities as the population, especially the regional capitals, but in an even denser way,” the study analyzes.
“The municipalities where no crime was recorded in 2021 are for some of the 10 selected crime indicators in rural areas (northeast-southwest diagonal and mountain ranges). Nevertheless, internal security forces in rural communities — which house a third of the metropolitan population — have located nearly a quarter of sexual assaults, deliberate assaults within the family and burglaries by 2021,” the study points out.
In the Top 10 of municipalities with 20,000 to 100,000 inhabitants that register the most burglaries, we see in Occitanie towns such as Castres (subprefecture of the Tarn) or Tournefeuille and Blagnac (two towns in Greater Toulouse).