The format of the “grand oral”, which had already been chosen by many organizations to hear presidential candidates (such as on health or safety), was also chosen by four environmental protection NGOs on Sunday, March 13. They paraded with five of the 12 contenders for the Elysée on streamer Jean Massiet’s Twitch channel, who questioned Paloma Moritz, environmental journalist at Blast.
Opening the ball of interventions, the environmental candidate, Yannick Jadotrecalled a central measure of its programme, namely the “Golden Rule of Climate”, by which? “no euro public money” will not be exempted from complying with climate and social justice requirements. The two perspectives are interlinked, he reiterated, inasmuch as the effects of environmental damage hit the working class first, especially air pollution and ” junk food “, which promote diseases such as diabetes or obesity. If he reaches the Elysée by 2030, “There will be 5 million energy sieves, linked to the most precarious families in our country, which will be renovated, meaning they will live on 700 or 800 euros more per year,” did he promise?†
“I’m not saying it will be painless”
In the field of energy, the candidate was involved in the promotion of photovoltaic energy. Aside from the rest of its flaws, nuclear power, in his view, is not a promise of France’s sovereignty, as far as “Our uranium comes from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, under Russian supervision”. “I’m not saying it will be painless”admitted Mr Jadot about the reforms he is proposing, but “it makes efforts that will enable us to live better”†
Speaking after the Green candidate, the Republican candidate, Valerie Pecressetried to fight the idea that “ecology is a one-party affair”. She said she was in favor of an ecology “spur”† “don’t decrease”that will continue to create jobs.
Among the measures it has proposed: asking car rental companies to go all-electric by 2030, and a “French battery industry”. She said she wanted to restart major projects for the train, TGV and regional lines: “Now, today, I have a certain number of activists who say, ‘Oh no, you can’t go through the fields, oh no, you can’t cut a tree’. † she complained, convinced that it is necessary “prioritize”†
It also emphasized recycling and reuse, with the aim of recycling “100% of household waste by 2030”. Finally, it proposes to ‘110 million used telephones in the drawers of the French’by offering their owners 10 euros per device.
“We will have to produce more meat”
Fabien Roussel, the communist candidate for his part did not lie to his campaign slogan – “France on happy days” – by assuring: “We are quite optimistic [dans mon équipe] † in the fight against climate change. The candidate recalled his ambition to spend 6% of gross domestic product on it, or 140 billion euros. More specifically, he says he wants to make all public transport in the city free, but also develop rail and river freight transport, to which he would add the development of renewable energy and nuclear energy.
Concerned about purchasing power, Mr. Roussel nevertheless considered it essential to lower the price of petrol. For him, when we say to the most humble that they… “will have to do without their car if they have no choice but to use it in the countryside or sometimes even in metropolitan areas, they don’t understand that”.
As for food, he said he wanted to have 500,000 farmers in France by 2030, in “family farms”, which he would obtain by increasing the attractiveness of the profession. As for meat, he called for: “eat less, but eat better”† As result, “we will have to produce more meat” in France to reduce imports. The communist finally said he was in favor of the… “demetropolisation”making it possible to relieve large cities by working on the “distribution of companies” in the territory or by helping small villages to build affordable housing.
For his part, the candidate of the New Anti-Capitalist Party, Philippe Poutou, made the link between the anti-capitalist struggle and that for the environment. He was talking about “to set up an economy under worker control, under government control, under population control, so as to control energy policy, and then everything that can have to do with travel, trade.”
“We need to get rid of the productivist culture”, he went on and gave himself the means to create a… “peasant farming controlled by the small farmers, including discussing some kind of cooperation, socialization of land so that young farmers can settle as young or not. † The “total breakdown” with the productivity logic “It may seem utopian, but we think utopia is to think that this capitalism can be reformed or improved”he concluded.
last speaker, Anne Hidalgo has developed a position close to that of Yannick Jadot by stating that: “ecology is social” and that’“we will not succeed in the transition if it is not fair”. The socialist candidate therefore reiterated her desire to tax multinational companies more, create an ISF whose proceeds would fund environmental protection, and promote an international criminal court that “punish the crimes of ecocide”.
Emmanuel Macron is the leader of those who do not want to change anything she attacked. The mayor of Paris has rejected a series of measures, including advances of costs provided by the Caisse des dépôts et consignations for persons starting the thermal renovation of their home or the reopening of small train lines. She recalled that she wanted to multiply electric charging stations and modest French people to equip themselves with electric cars thanks to a leasing system agreed with manufacturers and rental companies.
Her philosophy, she concluded, is that of “the economics of life, that is, towards something useful, not just for the benefit of a few who think they can get away with going to Mars or putting themselves in places on the planet where they would isolate themselves from everything else” .