INFOGRAPHICS. Who are the sponsors of the presidential candidates?

The soap will have lasted several weeks and eventually they will be twelve at the start, twelve to have collected the 500 signatures needed to be an official candidate for the presidential election. And when we talked a lot about the profile of the candidates, we talked less about that of the elected officials who sponsor them. Age, profession, gender, mandate… franceinfo gives you the typical portrait of 13,427 sponsoring candidates for the Elysée.

>> INFOGRAPHICS. Presidential: Between 2017 and 2022, the big transfer window of sponsorship

“The sketch of the godfather in the presidential election resembles that of the elected official”, emphasizes political scientist Jessica Sainty from the outset. And the first characteristic: the sponsors are more than 66% mayors. It must be said that they are the largest part of the more than 42,000 sponsors authorized to sign, in addition to regional and departmental councilors, presidents of intermunicipal associations, deputies, senators and European deputies, and members of local authorities. Corsica, metropolis of Lyon, council of Paris, overseas meetings, etc.).

More than seven in ten sponsors are men and more than one in ten are former directors. This is the most represented socio-professional category among elected officials who sponsored candidates, followed by civil servants and board members. The sponsor’s average age is 59 years. Finally, in this overall picture, note that more than 8,355 sponsors out of 13,427, that is, two-thirds of them, have no political label.

If these robot portraits are similar in many ways and all the mayors among the sponsors are taxed, some candidates stand out. Yannick Jadot, EELV candidate, and Marine Le Pen, of the National Rally, have the lowest average ages. The ecologist’s sponsors have an average age of 53.9 years and that of the candidate RN 55.8 years. “This is due to the biased logic behind the sponsorshipexplains Jessica Sainty. Particularly during the municipal elections, the elected EELV and RN with younger lists were elected than the other lists, which can be seen here.

Eric Zemmour shows an average age of his sponsors that is higher than the average, around 62 years. “It is not surprising because of the positions and orientations of his campaign.anchored in the values ​​of a traditional France, which seduces an older segment of the electorate”, the political scientist analyzes. Jean Lassalle and Nathalie Arthaud also convince older elected officials, including “There is also a desire to allow the expression of more fringe political opinions during the presidential election.”

Final lesson of this analysis of the 13,427 sponsorships validated by the Constitutional Council: The announced drop in sponsorship has not materialized. Between 2017 and 2022, there will be exactly 829 fewer sponsorships and one more qualified candidate. So how can we explain the cries of offers pushed by certain candidates for the election in recent weeks? We’ve had these debates for every presidential election since Jean-Marie Le Penremembers Jessica Sainty. However, the system holds up. This is part of the political game today. We can’t say there are enough elected officials when they have 13,000 left to sponsor a candidate.

sponsorship, “it is also a way for the parties to remember that they are not dead”, finally analyzes Jessica Sainty, following the example of the Socialist Party and the Republicans. Anne Hidalgo comes in third in sponsorship count with 1,440 signatures and Valérie Pécresse leads the race with 2,636 sponsorships. “Sponsorships reflect a local presence. It is more complicated for other parties, such as La France insoumise, EELV or the National Rally, which have fewer local strongholds. Their elected officials change from one election to another.” And that’s why they have to start looking for sponsorship again at every presidential meeting. A clearly visible effect in the figures: the PS candidate and those of LR could have been satisfied with the flow of sponsors from Benoît Hamon and François Fillon to qualify, without trying to convince new elected officials.