“It’s like sport, if you don’t train, you don’t succeed,” warns a professor

the philosophy, “It’s like sport, if you don’t train, you don’t succeed”, warns Sunday 12 June on franceinfo Francis M├ętivier, professor of philosophy at the high school Duplessis-Mornay in Saumur and at the University of Tours (Indre-et-Loire). Many graduates are preparing for the philosophy test next Wednesday. the author of Pascal on the beach: sincerity in a loungerpublished by Dunod Editions, distils some practical advice for passing an important and sometimes dreaded test.

>> Special tests, philosophy, big oral… The baccalaureate calendar for 2022

franceinfo: What advice would you give to a bachelor reviewing his baccalaureate philosophy?

Francis Metivier: There are two things to do: check the knowledge and especially practice the essay or the explanation of text. Gaining knowledge is not something that comes naturally. And then practice. It’s like sport: if you don’t train, you won’t succeed. You have to keep training. Philosophy is not natural.

Is there a test that more closely matches certain profiles between the dissertation and the text commentary?

You have to read the three topics carefully, take your time, especially the text. Above all, we should not decide in advance whether we are going to take an essay or the text. It really depends on the content, but also on the way the topics are presented. You have to take the time to read them and choose them consciously, without preconceptions for the day.

How should we revise the 17 philosophical concepts a few days before the test?

In terms of knowledge, it is necessary to revise the concepts that can be found in topics, even if they are not mentioned. Consciousness, freedom, truth, these are concepts that can be used, even if the subject does not present them explicitly. And then we have to study a work in all classes. This work also needs to be revised as it encompasses different program concepts. This is a reference that may be helpful.

“Check out the key concepts and the author privileged seen during the year.”

Francis M├ętivier, professor of philosophy

at franceinfo

Is it possible to anticipate some of the issues that may arise from the current context?

I do not think so. Philosophical questions are not current events, even though we can refer to current events in order to deal with them. But I do not think that current events determine the choice of subjects. We were able to get this impression for the specialty test in humanities, literature and philosophy because there was a subject that was: what is it like to be at war? Since humanity is still at war, this is not particularly current. It is not forbidden to refer to the news, but on the other hand, it is not the news that leads.

Many graduates will end up with philosophy in its school form. Is it a shame to stop there?

Those who have fully understood what philosophy is will not stop philosophizing. They were able to acquire a way of thinking that can be used for life in general. Furthermore, there are students who continue to do philosophy in higher education, in all preparatory classes. We don’t stop philosophizing when we want to philosophize, when we feel the need. What’s too bad is that we don’t start with philosophy a little earlier. Indeed, it falls a bit abruptly at the beginning of the final year, in the context of an exam. So there is still a problem. Philosophy should be started a little earlier, but without being evaluated, to give a taste of personal thinking.