Emmanuel Macron unveiled his program on Thursday, which would cost an estimated €50 billion a year if elected to a second term next month, and pledged to make France “more independent” and more protective, even by lowering the retirement age. These are the main points.
Presenting his program to the press in Aubervilliers (Seine-Saint-Denis), the head of state yesterday promised that, after cutting taxes by EUR 50 billion over the past five years, he would would reduce them by 15 billion euros per year until 2027.
Concerned about getting rid of the “president of the rich” label imposed on him since the wealth tax (ISF) was abolished, he specified that this cut would benefit households in half, and would also continue with more support measures in favor of the least favored French, such as single mothers or small pensioners. It is regrettable that he has not been able to implement all the reforms he has committed himself to during a five-year period marked by many crises.
Here are 10 points of what could change if Emmanuel Macron were re-elected:
1 – Remove the fee
This novelty is not new, but Emmanuel Macron confirmed it once again during the presentation of his program. The contribution of nearly 28 million French people to this tax should yield 3.7 billion euros in 2022. The fee is used to finance the information service.
2 – Change the RSA
Solidarity income from activity, and more generally “full employment” will be the main projects of the labor market. “We need to work more,” insisted Emmanuel Macron, who announced that the RSA would be dependent on “the obligation to spend 15 to 20 hours a week” on an activity that facilitates professional integration.
“The beneficiaries of the RSA have, in a sense, been victims of our poor collective organization and our nation organized first by dividing skills,” the president lamented, specifying that “no one believes that dignity is recognized, respected, with a performance”.
3 – Retirement at age 65
Emmanuel Macron has confirmed that he plans to gradually raise the statutory retirement age to 65. Promising a “simpler” reform than the points-based pension, which had drawn strong resistance from unions and on the streets, before being halted due to the COVID-19 pandemic, he assured it would take into account long careers, disability issues and “the reality of transactions and tasks”.
“The reform I am proposing is different from that of 2017, because the macroeconomic conditions are not the same, because the country continues to transform, including our environment, because I also draw lessons from what was not understood,” emphasized Emmanuel Macron.
“The reform I want to make is to gradually raise the legal age. As we have always done with a progressive quarter system, by the way,” he added. He also announced that he plans to increase the minimum pension for a full career to 1,100 euros.
4 – Pôle Emploi changes name
More broadly, Emmanuel Macron has pledged to continue labor market reforms with the “achievable” goal of achieving full employment, i.e. an unemployment rate below 5%, by the end of a new five-year term.
“We will pursue labor market reforms by further simplifying and deconcentrating social dialogue, to continue to give visibility to employers and workers,” he said. “We will continue with the unemployment insurance reforms to adapt it to the economic situation with a simple system. Every time the economic situation improves, we must have rules that encourage even more people to go back to work, and every time it deteriorates, we have to protect it.”
And to revive this new policy, the president plans to rename the entity “pôle emploi” to “France Travail”.
5 – Revaluation help single mothers
If he is re-elected, a “50% increase in alimony allowance for single mothers”, from 116 to 174 euros per child, and the creation of a “right to enforceable childcare”
6 – Long-term residence permits subject to examination
“We will change the means of access to residence permits by not renewing residence permits and by expelling foreigners from the territory who disturb public order.”
Emmanuel Macron also indicated that “a long-term residence permit will depend on a French exam and a real integration process”. The annual residence permit is granted “under stricter conditions”.
7 – Changed inheritance rights
Emmanuel Macron will launch a reform of inheritance rights to facilitate the transfer of heritage. “The inheritance tax will be changed with a cut,” he said on Thursday. If Le Figaro’s information is correct, the increase in the benefit would rise to 150,000 euros from 100,000 euros now, while the regime for heirs in the direct line is extended to the children of the spouses.
But also for indirect inheritances (cousins, grandchildren, children of spouses) by taking into account “the transformation of families, customs, practices, by creating a reduction for indirect ties”. The latter would benefit from a discount of 100,000 euros. That’s much more than the $7,967 currently planned “for transfers in favor of a niece or nephew, followed by a 55% tax, or than the $1,594 for a grandparent’s estate in favor of his grandchild,” Capital recalls. .
The head of state also promised a reform of Pôle Emploi, which will become “France Travail”, as well as training in secondary vocational schools. “We still have far too many courses in vocational secondary schools where we train young people who do not meet the needs of the labor market,” he stressed. Emmanuel Macron is more widely committed to improving educational conditions, including teachers’ salaries, such as access to care, for example by fighting medical deserts.
8 – A green and sovereign France
He also promised to give France the means for its agricultural independence, promising a law on the orientation and future of agriculture and energy, both by increasing production thanks to nuclear and renewable energy sources, but also by reducing consumption by housing to be renovated or by facilitating the purchase of electric vehicles. “It’s the only mix that makes it possible to reduce our carbon emissions in an effective, rapid and sovereign way,” he said of the nuclear/renewable team, successively rejecting the candidates who didn’t propose one or the other. † To achieve its goals, “the state will have to regain capital control of several industrial players,” he added without further details.
9 – Lower costs for self-employed persons
Emmanuel Macron wants to reduce the premiums for the self-employed by an amount of 550 euros per year for a person with an income equal to the minimum wage.
10 – Reinforce the army
The head of state has promised to continue to strengthen the armies, thereby confirming the target of 50 billion euros in investments by 2025 of the Military Programming Act (LPM).
“There are projects that offer withdrawal, (…) sometimes nostalgia for what never was,” he said, referring to the programs of his far-right rivals Eric Zemmour and Marine Le Pen. “On the contrary, I believe that we must respond with a clear ambition, a desire for dedication, an ability to know how to better protect and project ourselves,” emphasized Emmanuel Macron, saying he wanted to rely on the “sovereignty popular” , ” progress” and humanism”. All the measures he promises will cost 50 billion euros a year, estimates Emmanuel Macron, who promised to finance them with savings of the same magnitude to bring the budget deficit below 3% by 2027.