why the situation of Corsican detainees is causing tension

It’s a gesture “satisfaction”On Friday, March 11, Jean Castex lifted the status of Special Reported Detainee (DPS) from Alain Ferrandi and Pierre Alessandri, two members of the commando that killed the Prefect Erignac. The prime minister had made a similar decision on Tuesday for Yvan Colonna, whose attack sparked a series of demonstrations in Corsica. This decision, which applies “without delay”therefore opens the way to a rapprochement on the Island of Beauty of these prisoners, sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of the Prefect Claude Erignac, in 1998. Franceinfo explains to you why the situation of these Corsican prisoners is causing so much controversy, it states there is a new demonstration planned for Sunday at 3 p.m. in Bastia.

Because the claims are not new

The situation of the Corsican detainees has crystallized the tensions between the islanders and the French state for years. Imprisoned for terrorist acts, they are referred to by nationalists as: “political prisoners”. Two amnesty laws were passed for about 40 of them in 1981 and 1989. In the decades that followed, the subject came up regularly. In 2004, the then government committed itself to the reconciliation of Corsican prisoners in prisons on the island. But not everyone was affected. So in May 2015, the Assembly of Corsica voted in favor of the amnesty by a very large majority dand every “political prisoners”However, the case has made little progress.

Today, this demand is at the heart of the demonstrations organized since the attempted murder of Yvan Colonna, which sparked emotion and anger on the island. Many college students, high school students, and sometimes a few college students took to the streets. The University of Corsica, in Corte, was blocked. Following this mobilization, members of the establishment’s board of directors unanimously passed a motion in support of Yvan Colonna on Tuesday, March 8. And wrote in a press release:

“The university community solemnly demands the release of all Corsican political prisoners, an act establishing a new page in the history of Corsica.”

The Board of Directors of the University of Corsica

in a press release

“The university wanted to mark a political act to enter a new phase of discussion and dialogue. Since 2015, our demands have met with the coldness of the state. What happened to Yvan Colonna is the spark that set the powder on fire details to franceinfo Alain Di Meglio, Vice-President of the Board of Directors of the University of Corsica.

Because the claims surrounding the Corsican detainees focus on: the three members of the Erignac commando. Pierre Alessandri, 63, and Alain Ferrandi, 62, were sentenced to life imprisonment in 2003, as was Yvan Colonna, 61, sentenced in 2007. The first two are serving their sentences in the central prison in Poissy (Yvelines) and the third in Arles (Bouches-du-Rhone). For years, nationalist activists and groups calling for the release of Corsican “political prisoners” their approach at the Borgo Prison Center (Haute-Corse).

Because it is experienced as injustice

“These three prisoners should benefit from the application of French law, no more, no less”, insists Franceinfo Michel Castellani. Member of Parliament for Haute-Corse, he, like thirteen other elected officials, is a signatory to a forum that will open at the end of 2021 The world to demand the rapprochement of the Erignac command “in the name of the law”† For this to be effective, these delegates demanded from all sides the abolition of the status of particularly reported inmate

“Maintaining this status is the only legal obstacle to bringing them closer to the Borgo Penitentiary Center, as it is not authorized to accommodate these types of detainees.”

The signers of the grandstand

in the world”

No DPS is assigned to the detention center: orientation in a central house is preferred. Because this status can lead to more checks on written and telephone correspondence, more regular reports on the behavior of the detainee and targeted house searches.

According to a circular from the Keeper of the Seals, guaranteeing the decision, the inclusion of a detainee in the DPS directory is based on six criteria, including membership in organized crime or terrorist movements, risk of escape or still the danger in Detention. So many elements that, according to their supporters, do not apply to Pierre Alessandri, Alain Ferrandi and Yvan Colonna, whose detention took place without major incident. This explains why, after the decision announced on Friday, “the sense of accomplishment” is present, but not complete. “Only the law applies. I want to say ‘finally'”, Gilles Simeoni, the autonomous president of the Executive Council of Corsica, responded to AFP.

“This decision was necessary, justified and part of the normal application of the law”welcome Françoise Davideau, lawyer of Alain Ferrandi, contacted by franceinfo. “She should have been taken long ago. The DPS status was irrelevant, she begsWe hope this is the first step towards a more constructed dialogue.” For the lawyer, the next step is the preparation of the hearing, scheduled for 21 April, in which the appeal of the National Prosecutor’s Office for Counterterrorism (Pnat) against a sentence adjustment with a semi-liberty regime will be examined. according to Alan Ferrandi. Like Pierre Alessandri, he has been eligible for parole since May 2017. The requested arrangement provided that Alain Ferrandi worked during the day and slept in the Borgo prison (Haute-Corse) in the evenings. ‘Reconciliation in Corsica only makes sense if there is a sentence change’Françoise Davideau insists.

Because it illustrates a crisis of confidence with the state

“Lifting the DPS status opens the door, but we have to respect the stages of the process for the rapprochement, in a time frame that we hope will be as short as possible”, galore Thierry Casanova, nationalist activist, friend of Pierre Alessandri and Alain Ferrandi, on franceinfo. Reconciliation therefore remains one of the key words of Sunday’s rally. Another reason for the meeting is directly related to the attempted murder of Yvan Colonna, still between life and death. “We want to have full transparency about the investigation and the ongoing hearings. We need to know what really happened”hammers Thierry Casanova, who planned to demonstrate.

“Nobody trusts the prosecution’s explanation. If we don’t come under pressure, we won’t get the truth.”

Thierry Casanova, friend of Alain Ferrandi and Pierre Alessandri

on franceinfo

Many protesters believe Yvan Colonna would not be in a coma if he could have been held in Corsica. And so see the situation as a “logic of state revenge” of the murder of the Prefect Erignac, years after the events. The State bears an overwhelming, primary responsibility in this and on several levels.said Gilles Simeoni after the attack.

the tagline “Statu francese assassinu” (“French State Assassin”) is also widely picked up since the start of the protest, especially by the youngest, who do not give up. The Yvan Colonna Affair Fueled Their Fantasy : the figure of the militant is erected “myth” among high school and university students, explains Thierry Dominici on BFMTV, a political science teacher at the University of Bordeaux. “The French state is not a murderer. To say otherwise is contrary to the truth”replied Amaury de Saint-Quentin, the new prefect of Corsica.

“There is a work of memory and resilience to be done in the murder of the Prefect Erignac, on both sides”, acknowledges Thierry Casanova, who believes the claims go much further and relate to “recognition of the Corsican people as a whole”† One “problem” that he judges “deep” and “rooted for years”. “You have to be able to start on a new basis and build trust: that will be the hardest”he says.